Classroom Management Strategies in Inclusive Classrooms

Nowadays, most classrooms are inclusive ones, having a blend of both students with special needs and general education students. Our goal, as teachers is to create a learning environment for inclusive classrooms that is well-managed. Making use of clear structures and routines in our classrooms seems to be the right way for the students ‘success.

What are Classroom Management Strategies? They represent the wide diversity of skills and techniques the teachers use during classes. Their goal is to keep students focused on tasks and render them productive.

What are Inclusive Teaching Strategies? They are related to some teaching approaches directed to the need of students with different backgrounds and abilities. For instance, students with ADHD, autism and other learning disabilities.

Managing an all-inclusive classroom can be easier to deal with if simple. In addition to this, some personalized teaching strategies for the students with special needs can be implemented. Some of these strategies include:

  • The usage of computer-based programs

Certain computer-based programs can be used in inclusive classrooms to hold the students ‘interest up. One of these  programs is Stages Learning Line, a visual learning and assessment tool for teachers working with children with autism. It includes a lot of visual, exercises and personalized lesson plans.

  • The setting in the classrooms

Generally, students with special needs do not like distractions, they need their own space. Sitting in rows, rather than in circles can help them concentrate. They can be easily distracted, so a seat close to the teacher, facing forward works best.

  • The usage of a classroom rules poster

Students can help formulate the rules and, of course make them aware of the consequences of not adhering to the rules. A daily routine can include reviewing such rules placed in a visible area.

  • Making it simple

Students with special needs need to be given clear instructions and easy to understand. Repeated verbal prompts could be helpful, too.

  • Using visuals, such as posters, charts and pictures

The students with special needs have the ability to respond well to technology. The Stages Learning Line Digital Education Platform is an interactive one, allowing them to learn while playing.

  • Classmates as role models

Students of general education welcome this opportunity of being role models for students with special needs. For instance, participating in classroom activities or working on projects can have positive effects on students.

  • Teaching students basic communication skills

For instance, hand raising, sharing, taking turns.

  • Creating opportunities for taking a break

The chance of getting out of his/her seat   or listening to a song/ story/ poem could be useful strategies. Generally, students with special needs have the necessity of more than one break during classes. Teachers have to be aware of the signs that the student needs a break.

  • Focusing on the students ‘skills

Students might have a preference for a certain animal or sports. That is why, the teacher should create opportunities for the students to develop their skills in that particular subject. Personalized lesson plans can help teachers when dealing with such issues.

Teaching students with special needs could be challenging. However, it represents a positive experience both for students and teachers. The role of the school counselor is crucial for the students with special needs. Without his/her support, the students cannot integrate and adapt to the learning environment. The strategies presented above can help teachers create a learning environment that is both enthusiastic and productive.


prof. Mariana Necșoiu

Școala Gimnazială, Colonești (Bacău) , România
Profil iTeach:

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