Modern Approaches and Methods in Teaching English Language

English  language  teaching  has  undergone tremendous changes over the years, especially the last ten years. During  the  last  decade,  various  crucial  factors  have  combined  to  affect  the  current ideologies  of  teaching  of  English  such  as  the  ineffective  methodologies,  unsuitable materials,  and  integration  of  contextualized  teaching,  over  emphasis  on  multi  language skills.

Teachers  who  practiced  Grammar  Translation  method  during  the  previous decade  relied on black board as the apt tool to impart communication skills and the nuances of English language. Later on, over head projectors, acted as another medium for the  teacher  dominated  class  room.  Such  teachers  believed  in  the  dictum  of  drill  and practice.  Researchers  had  given  more  emphasis  on  authentic  and  meaningful contextualized  discourse.  Then,  they  focused  on  a  successful  adult  second  language learning as a parallel process to a child’s first language acquisition. With the advent of e-communication,  it  has  been  made  possible  for the  English  language  teachers  to  enrich their  profession.  Basically,  the  teacher  controls  the  instructional  process,  the  content  is delivered  to  the  entire  class  and  the  teacher  tends to  emphasize  factual  knowledge.

The process of English communication learning will be more  student-centered but less time  consuming.   Therefore,  it  promises that  the teaching  quality  will be  improved and students’ applied English communication can be effectively cultivated, meaning that students’  communicative  competence will be further developed.  Language  in  education would ideally and ordinarily build on such naturally acquired language ability, enriching it  through  the  development  of  literacy into  an  instrument  for  abstract  thought  and  the acquisition  of  academic  knowledge.  Teachers  use  a  range  of  local  texts  or  English translation  of  literature  in  the classroom.  The  use  of  language  as  well as  the use  of  a variety  of  accents  in  listening  activities  or  tests  is  encouraged  in  the  English  language classroom. With the proliferation of tablets and smart phones, it is believed that textbooks will disappear in a few years. Furthermore, the access to knowledge in terms of flexibility and  mobility  has  changed  drastically.  Teaching  in  English  language  classes  focuses  on fostering  the  students  thinking  as  well  as  language  content,  outcomes  and  learning activities.  There  are  significant  and  complex  student-teacher  interactions  inside  and outside  the  classroom.

New  trends  in  English  language  teaching  like  interactive  approach  of  teaching English  is  develop  as  a  result  of  sustain  research  by  the  central  board  of  secondary education. To  interact  means  to  communicate  which  each other during  interaction.  Its  means  give the  information, thoughts unknown to receiver.

Web based learning is one of the fastest developing areas. There are thousands of English web based classes that offer trainings for a variety of basic language skills such as Learning, Speaking, Reading and Writing and are made interactive in a variety of ways. Some of the common technologies a available for promotion of education are as follows: The students can correspond with native speakers of the target language using a email by creating a personal email account (g-mail, yahoo, hotmail, etc) which is free.

The students can mail their home work to the teachers concerned and get it corrected in turn. The teacher can also provide revisions, feedback, suggestions for the betterment of every work and send them back. A blog is a personal or professional journal frequently updated for public consumption. The blogs enable uploading and linking the files which is very much suited to serve as on line personal journals for students. Blogging becomes communicative and interactive when participants assume multiple roles in the writing process, as readers/reviewers who respond to other writer’s posts, and as writers-readers who, returning to their own posts, react to criticism of their own posts. The readers in turn can comment on what they read, although blogs can be placed in secured environments as well.

Every internet service has audio functions, and technological instruments like laptops with cameras. The students could communicate with their teachers and friends who are far away. Likewise, they could very well communicate with the speakers of native language and get their pronunciation checked so as to improve their speaking. Learners can search for new words using dictionary option in the mobile phones and enrich their vocabulary. They may verify the spelling pronunciations and usage of the specific word they searched for. Moreover, they can use Short Message Service (SMS) to send queries to their instructors and get their doubts cleared. IPods’, one of the multimedia devices, enhance to users to generate, deliver, exchange texts, image, audio and video scripts as per the requirement. The teachers send text messages and the students can read and answer to them.

Technology is also changing the classroom experience. In addition, tablet PCs, compact computer that allow you to write notes directly onto the screen with a special pen, replace the archaic projector. With the tablet technology allow professor to make notes on charts and spreadsheets and send them directly to their student’s PCs.

The traditional method lays more emphasis on a teacher himself and is teacher centered. Repetitive practice, mechanical drills and memorization are the hallmarks of the traditional methods. Role of the teacher is to pertain to the long cherished traditional notion that pedagogic principles depend on how articulately a teacher teaches. It is imperative to understand the current trends and evaluative methods of the ELT.

The researchers believe that the ore objective of teaching is passing on the information or knowledge to the minds of the students. Any method using computers or modifying the existing conventional chalk-talk method are innovative if they ultimately serve the attainment of core objective of teaching.

Bibliography:
1. Elley, Warwick: „What have we Learned?”, International Journal of Educational Research 2001
2. Krashen, Stephen.” We acquire vocabulary and spelling by reading”, Additional evidence for the input hypothesis, Cambridge University Press,1989
3. Nagaraj, Geetha. English Language Teaching Approaches, Methods, Techniques II edition. Orient Black Swan Hyderabad, 1996.

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